“When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.”- Declaration of Independence
In my book I said: Liberty is never free-it comes at a cost. Throughout the history of the United States, our freedom has been safeguarded through immense sacrifice. But without the truth and knowledge of the past, this liberty can be threatened.
When our forefathers signed the Declaration of Independence they knew the risk they were taking, not only would they be losing their fortunes but also, their very lives and their families. These were lawyers and jurists,merchants, farmers and large plantation owners; men of means, well educated and every single one of them knew that the penalty would be death if they were captured. There were a total of 56 who were willing to sign the document.
We just had the 4th of July. The sad thing is many have sold their birthright for a bowl of porridge. Not having any understanding that the government is becoming their plantation masters.
George Read- On September 18, 1733 in North East, Cecil County, Maryland Read was born on his family farm. His father was from Dublin, Ireland. At fifteen he proceeded to study law at the office of John Moland in Philadelphia. He was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1753. In 1774 he was elected to the first Continental Congress. In 1776 Read was called to join the Constitutional Convention in Delaware in 1776. He served as president of the committee that drafted the document.
In 1763 he married Gertrude Ross Till, daughter of the Rev. George Ross, the Anglican rector of Immanuel Church in New Castle and widowed sister of George Ross, also a future signer of the Declaration of Independence. They had five children.
During the time of the Revolution Delaware was politically divided into 2 loose factions. The majority Court Party, generally Anglican and the minority Country Party which was largely Ulster-Scot and advocated independence from the British. Read was in favor of trying to reconcile differences with Great Britain. Read surprised many by voting against it but after the Declaration of Independent was adopted he signed it.
Read was in Philadelphia attending Congress, and he and his family narrowly escaped being captured while returning home. While the British occupied Philadelphia and were in control of the Delaware River Read tried to recruit additional soldiers to protect the state from raiders. However, this seem to be in vain.
Because of poor health he resigned from the legislative council and refused reelection to Congress. He again sat on the council and concurrently held the position of judge of the court of appeals in admiralty cases from 1782-1788. He allied with the Federalists. I talked about the Federalists and non-Federalists in my book. He celebrated his 65th birthday and three days later he died. His grave is in the Immanuel Episcopal Churchyard.
Read was one of only two statesmen who signed all three of the great State papers on which the country’s history is based: the original Petition to the King of the Congress of 1774, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States.
Francis Lewis-He was born in Wales in 1713. Francis Lewis was partly educated in Scotland and then attended Westminster in England. He went to New York to set up a business. In 1756 he was taken prisoner and shipped to France while serving as a British mercantile agent. He became active in politics when he returned to America.
He was a member of the Committee of Sixty(Formed in 1775, by rebels to enforce the Continental Association, a boycott of British goods enacted by the 1st Continental Congress). In 1778, he signed the United States Articles of Confederation.
Even though he was rich he spent his own money to help the fight. During the revolution his home was totally destroyed and his wife was arrested by the British. They denied her change of clothing as well as not giving her adequate food for weeks while she was in captivity. She eventually died. His son Morgan served in the Army during the Revolution and later on eventually became Governor of New York.
He died a poor man in 1803 at the age of 90.